The hottest domestic food packaging machinery indu

2022-07-31
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How to deal with WTO in domestic food packaging machinery industry with China's entry into WTO, China's economy has begun to integrate more actively into the world economic tide. Foreign enterprises are optimistic about the Chinese market and "invade" on a large scale; Domestic enterprises are unwilling to stick to their success, and have "killed out" one after another. How should the domestic food and packaging machinery enterprises face this in and out disturbance? What are the problems that should be well grasped in the disturbances? After visiting relevant experts, they generally believe that the domestic food and packaging machinery industry should grasp the key points, polish their eyes, be calm, and distinguish the ups and downs of the industry at home and abroad

which mechanical equipment has been introduced more frequently

due to the late start and poor foundation of China's food and packaging machinery industry, although it has developed rapidly in recent years, it can not meet the needs of the food and packaging industry. In the mid-1980s, China imported a large number of food machinery from abroad. In the three years from 1984 to 1986 alone, China imported food machinery worth about US $680million, of which 3446 sets (sets) of food machinery were imported in 1985, worth 1billion yuan, equivalent to the total output value of China's food machinery industry that year. Among the imported equipment, there are a large number of products, such as beverages, convenience food, candy, meat, tobacco, oil deep-processing machinery, etc., with a value of more than 100million yuan, of which 142 sets (sets) of beverage processing machinery are the most imported, with a value of 538million yuan, accounting for 21.5% of the total import cost

in terms of packaging machinery, 3186 sets (sets) were imported from 1984 to 1986, and the foreign exchange used was 644million US dollars, which exceeded the total output value of domestic packaging machinery in that year. The imported equipment is quite complete, among which the packaging machinery directly used in the packaging process is the most, accounting for 53.7% of the total imports; Packaging container manufacturing machinery took the second place, accounting for 21.3%. The imported products mainly include plastic bag sealing machine, can sealing machine, vacuum packaging machine, blister packaging machine, horizontal pillow wrapping machine, kink folding wrapping machine, cigarette horizontal wrapping machine, tea bag packaging machine, vertical bag forming filling sealing machine and various food and beverage filling production lines

who is in charge of the ups and downs when dancing with "wolves"

in the middle and late 1980s, due to the advent of various food machinery and packaging machinery products in China, and through the digestion and absorption of imported equipment, the starting point of product technology development was relatively high. However, due to the common problems of serious homogenization and redundant product structure, the number of products increased rapidly, which basically met the needs of the domestic market. At the same time, the state has taken control measures for imported equipment, adopted fiscal expenditure and foreign exchange tightening policies, and the number of domestic imported products has begun to decrease. Therefore, the share of domestic food machinery and packaging machinery in the domestic market has gradually increased, reaching about 75%. However, in recent years, there has been a new upsurge of imported equipment. According to customs investigation and statistics, at the end of 1994, imported food and packaging machinery amounted to more than US $1.8 billion, basically the same as the output value of domestic machinery and equipment. In 1997, the import value of food machinery was 372million US dollars and that of packaging machinery was 1435 million US dollars. From the statistical data, the import of food machinery decreased, but the import of packaging machinery increased rapidly. Experts believe that this is because packaging is the last process of food production and processing, and the reliability of packaging machinery will directly affect the working efficiency of the whole food production line. However, there is still a big gap between the reliability of many kinds of packaging machinery in China and foreign equipment. In addition, many large-scale key packaging equipment are still blank in China, so most users are willing to choose imported equipment. Experts pointed out that the number of joint ventures in the food industry and packaging industry has increased in recent years, and these enterprises basically use imported equipment, which is also a factor that can not be ignored in the increase of imported equipment

how much impact does WTO entry bring to the industry

experts pointed out that with China's accession to the WTO, more imported equipment will have a certain impact on the domestic market, but the impact will not be great. At present, most food processing enterprises in China are too small to form economic scale effect, and the cost of processing raw materials is too high to compete with foreign food processing industries. In the future, foreign food processing enterprises will more adopt the mode of wholly foreign-owned or joint venture to enter the Chinese market, including bases, reducers, electromechanical and belt pulley. These enterprises basically use foreign equipment. Therefore, experts believe that during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the demand for imported equipment by Chinese food processing enterprises will increase unabated

at the same time, experts pointed out that due to the impact of wholly-owned or joint venture food processing enterprises on the domestic food processing industry, the domestic food processing industry will promote enterprise restructuring, expand production scale, improve product technology content, and also meet the social demand and increase the demand for foreign processing machinery. At present, the users of imported equipment are mainly large domestic food and packaging enterprises and foreign-invested enterprises. Many equipment imports are tax-free. Therefore, the reduction of import equipment tariffs will not have a greater impact on domestic equipment in the future

the domestic food and packaging industry is still dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises. Since the price of foreign equipment is expensive (generally 3 ~ 5 times that of domestic similar products), the demand for domestic equipment will not be affected due to China's entry into WTO. Experts pointed out that most of China's food and packaging machinery have been developed on the basis of learning from foreign product technology. Many products are gradually narrowing the gap with the world's advanced level, and have considerable price advantages. Therefore, the domestic market share of domestic products will gradually expand. According to the prediction of industry experts, during the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period, the sales of imported food machinery accounted for about 20% ~ 30% in China's domestic market, and the sales of imported packaging machinery accounted for 40% ~ 50% in China's domestic market. In China, the domestic food machinery can occupy 70% ~ 80% of the domestic market, and the packaging machinery can occupy 50% ~ 60%

which regions abroad are the focus of development

in recent years, while striving to meet the domestic market demand, Chinese food and packaging machinery manufacturers have actively explored foreign markets and tried to enter the international market. They have achieved good results. The export amount has increased year by year. During the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period, Chinese food and packaging machinery still has broad export prospects

with the recovery and rise of the world economy, especially in Asia (mainly Southeast Asia), economic development has become more and more internationalized, and the growth of world trade volume has been higher than that of the economy. The growth of China's trade in mechanical and electrical products is higher than that of the world's trade in mechanical and electrical products, and the growth of China's trade in food and packaging machinery is higher than that of the trade in mechanical and electrical products. From the perspective of the export volume in 1994 and 1995, the trade volume of China's food and packaging machinery to Southeast Asia and Africa is very small, and the technical level of China's food and packaging machinery is very suitable for the economic conditions of these countries and regions, Therefore, the export prospects to these countries and regions will be very gratifying. Of course, experts also pointed out that Chinese enterprises also have many export competitors. Taiwan and South Korea are the main competitors for products with ordinary technical content; In terms of high-tech large-scale products, Germany, Japan, Italy and the United States have strong strength

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